pen designed ampersands and other ligatures were explored from the past 2000 years.
The "and sign" (&) is a ligature of two letters e & t from the word "et" meaning "and". The word ampersand comes from the slurring, over time, of the phrase "and per se and" meaning "and on it's own and". It is a letter and word on it's own, ie. the ligatured "et".
the painting of Celtic Ampersands
In-class gilding demonstration
In-class painting demonstration
The Perth Ampersand Class
Class Celtic ampersands below.
Created on day two.